AgData Interoperability – Towards a European Data Space (TEUDS)

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AgData Interoperability – Towards a European Data Space (TEUDS)

Key Objective

To explore the possibilities for sovereign data exchange between different data exchange platforms

Challenge Addressed

  • how to make data-interoperability between data intermediaries possible using innovative technical, business and governance solutions
  • find practical examples demonstrating how to work on a European federated data space for agrifood
  • form links with ongoing initiatives like GAIA-Z, BDVA and the EU Data Spaces

Type of Stakeholders

  • 2 data intermediaries (from Belgium and France)
  • Data providers
  • Data-users
  • Data-owners
  • Farmers
Case Study Acronym:TEUDS
Long Title of the Case Study:AgData Interoperability – Towards a European Data Space
Case Study Main Contact:

Eva Maes

Countries involved and main place of the Case Study:Belgium, France
Part of the Food System addressed:As a data intermediary, we cover the whole food chain, from farm to fork

Case Study Summary

Food systems don’t stop at borders. Business actors on the data exchange platforms are demanding to exchange and receive data across borders, in an easy and secure way. This is also the basic principle of a federated European data space for agrifood, on which Gaia-X is working. The objective is to create an open, transparent and secure digital ecosystem, where data and services can be made available, collated and exchanged in an environment of trust.

Two data intermediaries – the Belgian data exchange platform DjustConnect, and the French counterpart  API-Agro operated by Agdatahub – want to explore how to put these principles into practice, and look into all aspects of realizing data-interoperability, compliance, sovereign data exchange, and federated access under different data exchange architectural patterns (centralized and decentralized).


This Case study will investigate and promote the possibilities offered by the GAIA-X for decentralization and federation of the services but also support the connection with the GAIA-X working group for agriculture.

The case study will consider the follow parameters:

  • sovereignty
  • functionality
  • technical operation
  • legal framework

In the context of important soverignty issues such as:

  • storage
  • identity
  • exchange
  • interoperability
  • trust
  • security
Business Aspect
  • Determine the business models that allow cooperation between data intermediaries and explore
  • Explore to help data providers determine the value of their data
Governance Aspect
  • Examine the opportunities that could be provided by a federated governance structure by looking at difference architechural pattern (centralized and decentralized) that will define the scope, oppoeness and tecnical interfaces of the federated services.

Motivation and key expected Outcome

The main motivation to carry out this case study comes from the daily working reality, developing our data exchange platforms. Our clients – data-providers, data-users as well as farmers – demand an easy and secure way to exchange data across borders, by only connecting once into the data exchange ecosystem. There are many existing contacts between European data exchange platforms, mutually as well as in stakeholder forums as Gaia-X. This case study gives the opportunity to start exploring and working on a solution in practice. 

As data intermediaries, we believe strongly in a European federated data space for agrifood, and want to contribute to achieve this, by taking up existing principles, roadmaps and building blocks, to test and adapt them to our sector in real cases. 

The key expected outcome is to have set an example in which data-interoperability crossing borders works, in a transparent and secure way and in an environment of trust, and inspire and motivate other data intermediaries, but also other kind of potential nodes in the agrifood data space to move further and contribute to realise a strong European data economy.

Main Partners of the Case Study

ILVO with the data intermediary DjustConnect
Role: Data exchange  platform, connecting across borders

Contact: Eva Maes

Contact: Stephanie Van Weyenberg

Contact: Jürgen Vangeyte

Contact: Ella Deroo

Agdatahub with the data intermediary API-Agro
Role: Data exchange platform, connecting across borders

Contact: Gaelle Cheruy

Contact: Thomas Gomez

Contact: Christophe Gervais

Other Stakeholders involved in the Case Study realisation, but not direct project partners

We will invite other European data intermediaries to join or invite them for lessons learned during the roll-out of the case study. These intermediaries a.o. 1001 Lakes (FIN), WALLeSMART (BE), JoinData(NL), DKE Agrirouter (DE), IDDEN (Scandinavia). 

There will also be a connection with Gaia-X, Fiware and the Big Data Value Association (BVDA).

Addressing the
Food Value Chain

Data intermediaries address data flows across the entire food value chain from farm to fork. 

Cross collaboration
with other Projects or Initiatives

Agdatahub and ILVO are both involved in the Horizon Europe CSA-project ‘AgriDataSpace’, that will be building a European framework for the secure and trusted data space for agriculture, by mapping the data sharing landscape, make building blocks for profitable and responsible data space in agriculture and create a roadmap towards this data space. There will be a lot of results from this project, that started in October 2022 and runs for 18 months, that will be very useful for our case study. 

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